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Environmental Assessment & Planning Research GroupInternational approaches to compensation for impacts on biological diversity

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International approaches to compensation for impacts on biological diversity


Project Details
KfW Bankengruppe
Federal Nature Conversation Agency (BfN)
Project Management:
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Wende
Research Associates:
Dipl.-Ing. Holger Ohlenburg
Institut für ökologische Raumentwicklung (IÖR) - Dresden
January - July 2008
Project report  

Brief project description

Aim of the project is a worldwide internet based research to give an overview of practices and approaches according to mitigation and compensation for impacts on biological diversity. It is a research based on four key topics:

- Compensation according to the Convention on Biological Diversity;
- Compensation according to the European Habitats Directive;
- Compensation according to Environmental Impact Assessment;
- Impact mitigation/ compensation principles.

Several different compensation approaches (choice by country) should be identificated asa basis for further scientific discussion and exchange. The results should bepresented on the COP9 (19th May, Bonn). 

Research issues

  1. Operationalisation of biodiversity as subject of protection in the national context of the countries (components of biodiversity, criteria and indicators);
  2. Analysis of impacts of projects and plans on biodiversity and balancing of conflicts with biodiversity;
  3. Socioeconomic aspects and interaction;
  4. Avoidance and mitigation/minimisation strategies and measures;
  5. Compensation measures (on-site/off-site, in-kind/out-of-kind, ...);
  6. Costs of compensation measures (polluter pays principle?);
  7. Conclusions/recommendations for international and German planning and impact mitigation tools;
  8. Key terms;
  9. Conclusions/ recommendations for KfW development sponsorship. 

Research steps

  • First research step (orientating): Google research with defined combinations of key terms and according to the four key topics for each country of the world in English and several other languages (use of country domains e.g. .us, .uk, .fr)
  • Download and collection of relevant information and documents
  • Graphic representation of search results according to number of google results (quantitative: low, medium, high) and according to found information (qualitative: no information/no approach known, possible approaches/approach known but not of special interest, interesting approaches)
  • Second research step: detailed research on chosen countries (just started)- Third research step: case study research 


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